There are currently 143 names in this directory
Blind spots (see also head check)
Area that is not seen in mirrors or areas where your vision to the front, side or rear is blocked when driving
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
The proportion or percentage of alcohol in the bloodstream (eg the BAC limit for full licence holders in NSW is 0.05 which means 0.05 per cent alcohol or .05 grams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood i.e. 0.05g/100ml).
Built up area
In relation to a length of road, means an area in which there are buildings on land next to the road, or there is street lighting, at intervals not over 100m for a distance of at least 500m or, if the road is shorter than 500m, for the whole road
Specific seatbelts, seats or capsules that children under a certain age are required to use/wear (e.g. baby restraints, child seats, child safety harnesses)
A training and development technique of talking when you are driving to indicate where you are looking, what hazards you are seeing and what action you might take
The plate that identifies a vehicle as being manufactured to safety standards applicable to the time of manufacture
Covering the brake
Where your right foot is off the accelerator and over the brake pedal without activating the brake, see also ‘setting up the brake’
There are different points limits for different types of licences (learner, provisional etc). Demerit points are recorded against your licence for a range of traffic offences (e.g. speeding). If you get too many demerit points your licence may be cancelled or suspended
You are not allowed to hold or obtain a licence in NSW. You can no longer drive
Driver Qualification Test (DQT)
A combination of an advanced Hazard Perception Test, a further test of the road rules and safe driving practice. The test must be passed to progress from P2 stage to full licence status
A person who instructs learners or provisionals (for money or reward) how to drive
A style of driving to reduce fuel consumption and help the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions
The date on the licence is no longer current and the licence is therefore no longer valid
The experience of feeling ‘sleepy’, ‘tired’ or ‘exhausted’. Fatigue affects both your body and your ability to drive safely
The distance between your vehicle and the vehicle travelling ahead of you in the same direction. Following distance is also called ‘headway’
Licence issued to P2 drivers who have held that licence for at least 24 months, have passed the Driver Qualification Test (DQT).
Gross Combination Mass (GCM)
The maximum laden mass of a motor vehicle plus the laden weight of any trailer(s)
Ability to recognise and respond to potentially dangerous situations and react appropriately.
Hazard Perception Test (HPT)
A touch-screen computer test which measures your ability to recognise and respond to potentially dangerous situations and react appropriately when driving. Provisional drivers must pass this test to progress from the P1 to P2 licence stage
Looking over your shoulder to the left or right to make sure that there’s nothing in your blind spot. Also known as ‘shoulder check’
Heavy Vehicle Drivers’ Handbook
Roads & Maritime publication that explains road rules that apply to heavy vehicles (buses and trucks)
High alcohol hours
Periods of time during the week when alcohol related crashes mostly occur – mostly weeknights and weekends. About 30% of fatal crashes are alcohol related during these hours.
International Driving Permit
A permit issued in accordance with the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic, Geneva 1949, for use in conjunction with a current driver licence
Interpreter (knowledge test)
A person who understands more than one language and reads the English test questions and then asks the applicant the same questions in another language
An area of road marked by continuous or broken lines, designed for use by a signal line of vehicles
There are different licences required for driving different vehicles of different sizes (e.g. motorcycle, car etc)
Low alcohol hours
Periods of time during the week when alcohol-related crashes least occur – mostly daylight hours, on weekdays and portions of Saturday and Sundays. Less than 10% of fatal crashes are alcohol related during these hours.
Brief, unintended periods of loss of attention associated with events such as blank stare, head snapping, prolonged eye closure, etc, which may occur when a person is fatigued but trying to stay awake to perform a monotonous task like driving a car or watching a computer screen.
Motorcycle pre-learner training course
A training course undertaken in order to obtain a learner rider licence
Motorcycle pre-provisional training course
A training course undertaken in order to obtain a provisional rider licence
Motorcycle Rider’s Handbook
Roads & Maritime publication that explains road rules that apply to motorcycles and riders.
A three or four wheeled mobility aid that cannot travel faster than 10 km/hour. A user is defined as a pedestrian
Large road (usually more than 2 lanes in each direction) designed to move a lot of traffic quickly. Usually with a 100 or 110km/h speed limit
A road with more than one lane in each direction. These roads sometimes have a median strip dividing traffic travelling in each direction
Person who wishes to donate their organs (liver, kidney, lungs etc) for transplant after they have died
A vehicle carrying a load that is too big or heavy for the vehicle to carry it safely or legally
Provisional licence - Stage 1. This is the first provisional licence issued to new solo drivers in NSW after 1 July 2000. It must be held for a minimum of 12 months before one becomes eligible to progress to Stage 2. P1 drivers must display a red P sign (red P on a white background).
Provisional licence - Stage 2. This is the second licence issued to new solo drivers in NSW after 1 July 2000. It is issued for 30 months to drivers who have held a P1 licence for at least 12 months and have passed the Hazard Perception test (HPT). A P2 licence must be held for a minimum of 24 months. P2 drivers must display a green P sign (green P on a white background). A P2 licence has fewer restrictions than a P1 licence.
A person who travels by foot (walker, runner for example). Also includes people in motorised and non-motorised wheelchairs and people using wheeled recreational devices or toys
Punished by way of demerit points, fines, prison, vehicle confiscation etc for breaking a law
A professional driver is a motor vehicle driver whose primary work is to transports goods or, a bus, taxi or hire car driver who is accredited under the Passenger Transport Act 1990. Drivers will not quality if the driving of a motor vehicle is incidental to their primary work (eg a sales person or a tow truck driver)
Road related area
Includes an area that divides a road, a footpath, nature strip, cycleway and parking areas
A gap in traffic that enables you to turn, overtake or cross an intersection without being involved in a collision or endangering other road users. This means that no other road users should need to take evasive action to avoid your vehicle
Safety chains (trailer)
Chains that catch a trailer in an emergency, if the tow connection breaks for example
Constantly moving your eyes and/or your head when driving so that you can detect hazards that may arise ahead, to the sides and behind your vehicle. Scanning means taking in the whole scene 360° around your car
A ‘one-stop shop’ providing access to various government services and a single point of contact
Setting up the brake
Where your right foot is off the accelerator and applying light pressure to the brake pedal
The difference between the hours of sleep a person needs and the actual hours of sleep they get
A ‘buffer zone’ around your vehicle (to the front, sides and rear) between you and other vehicles and road users that gives you time to spot and react to hazards that may arise.
Excessive or inappropriate speed, including not adjusting your speed to suit the conditions or speed limit
A person who holds a full Australian licence for the appropriate class of the vehicle and sits beside the learner driver
A person who understands more than one language and who rewrites a written document such as a driver’s licence in English from another language (see interpreter)
Vehicles joined together. An articulated vehicle can be a vehicle combination of a car and caravan for example
Yellow diamond shaped signs that warn you of hazards ahead (e.g. animals or an intersection)